Traditionally, composers have set poetry to song, but there has been a recent trend of setting texts that are more quotidian, like court transcripts (Melissa Dunphy’s The Gonzales Cantata) and demographic data (Caroline Shaw’s To The Hands).

Advertisements, unlike poetry, are by their nature ephemeral. They appear on television or a billboard for a few weeks and then disappear forever. But like the best poetry, advertisements are rich with meaning and communicate largely by way of implication.

Music has a unique power of coloring words, bringing out innuendoes that may not have been noticed otherwise. I tried to leverage this power to reveal the macabre, irony, and pathos inherent in advertisements.

This song cycle, written for guitarist Eliot Fisk and baritone Daniel Bayot, sets five early American print advertisements found in nationally disseminated magazines and local newspapers. Fear-mongering, hypocrisy, and tactics of manipulation are made audible through music that ranges from disturbing to ludicrous. (The fifth and final movement, however, offers a rare moment of sincerity in advertising.)


  • For baritone & guitar
  • Category: Voice & Instrument
  • Year Composed: 2020
  • Duration: 7'
  • Orchestration: bar & gtr
  • Language: English
  • View Score ›


  • 2020
  • KC VITAs Call for Scores
  • Winner


  • 27 APR 2021
  • Advertisements (excerpts)
  • UCLA (livestream)
  • Los Angeles, California
  • Kian Ravaei, voice and guitar; Justin Birchell, baritone; Joseph Seyedan, guitar
  • 31 JAN 2021
  • Advertisements - Premiere
  • KC VITAs VOICES OF VITAs (livestream)
  • Kansas City, Kansas
  • Patrick Graham, baritone; Aleia Gonzales Gulino, guitar